Mediation is a type of alternative dispute resolution in which parties voluntarily endeavour to resolve their dispute with the help of a third party, i.e. a mediator. The parties’ willingness to reach a settlement is paramount to the success of mediation. If the parties do not reach a settlement, the dispute may still be settled in proceedings before CAfA arbitrator(s) or in court. CAfA mediations are settled under the CAfA Mediation Rules, consisting of the Mediation Rules of the Netherlands Arbitration Institute and the AiA/NAI Adjunct Mediation Rules.